Charles Clifford or Juan Laurent St. Vincente, Avila, Spain
Medium Albumen print from wet plate negative
Mount on original mount
Photo Date 1860s Print Date 1860s
Dimensions 13-7/16 x 19 in. (341 x 483 mm)
Photo Country Spain
Photographer Country United Kingdom (UK)
Contact Alex Novak and Marthe Smith
About This Image
Title written in ink on the recto of the mount below the photograph.
The Basilica de los Santos Hermanos Mártires, Vicente, Sabina y Cristeta, best known as Basilica de San Vicente, is a church in Ávila, Spain. It is one of the best examples of Romanesque architecture in the country.
According to legend, Christian martyrs Vicente, Sabina and Cristeta were martyred during the rule of the Roman Emperor Diocletian; their corpses were buried into the rock and later a basilica was built over their tombs. In 1062 their remains were moved to the monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza in Burgos, but later, in 1175, they were returned to Ávila and the construction of a new basilica was started at the location. Works were repeatedly halted or slowed, and were finished in the 14th century thanks to the support of Alfonso X and Sancho IV. The nave and aisles are cross-vaulted. The Virgen de la Soterraña, patron saint of the city, is interred there.
The most notable aspect of the exterior are the decorated western and southern gates. In the interior, the most renowned attraction is the cenotaph of the titular martyrs, in polychrome stone. It is one of the best examples of Romanesque sculpture.
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