John Brampton Philpot The Duomo and the Campanile, Florence, Italy
Medium Albumen print from waxed paper negative
Mount on original mount
Photo Date 1856 Print Date 1850s
Dimensions 8-3/16 x 10-7/16 in. (208 x 265 mm)
Photo Country Italy
Photographer Country United Kingdom (UK)
Contact Alex Novak and Marthe Smith
About This Image
Photographer's blindstamp on bottom recto of mount. Titled in contemporary light pencil on bottom recto of mount,
Born in England in 1812, John Brampton Philpot resided in Florence, Italy from about 1850 until his death in 1878. In 1856 Philpot made 30 calotypes which record the sculpted figures of the Tuscan "pantheon" in the exterior niches of the Uffizi. A series of 28 calotypes of Florence date from the same period, for four of these were exhibited in 1856 at the Photographic Society of Scotland in Edinburgh. Also in the 1850s Philpot produced facsimiles of drawings in the Uffizi in connection with a proposal to compile an inventory of the collection. Baedeker mentioned this aspect of Philpot's production in his 1877 Handbook for Northern Italy, listing Philpot's business as one of the principal photographic establishments in Florence: "Philpot & Co., Borgo Ognissanti 17 (reproductions of Uffizi drawings)." The blindstamp here lists an earlier address for Philpot at "Lungo L Arno 1187, Firenze". Philpot also exhibited at the Firenze Esposizione Italiana in 1861, which may be where Harrison saw his work.
Provenance: old collection of J. Harrison, Jr. purchased in 1861.
The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore (English: Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower) is the main church of Florence, Italy. The Duomo, as it is ordinarily called, was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to the design of Arnolfo di Cambio and completed structurally in 1436 with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi. The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white and has an elaborate 19th-century Gothic Revival façade by Emilio De Fabris.
The cathedral complex, located in Piazza del Duomo, includes the Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile. The three buildings are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the historic centre of Florence and are a major attraction to tourists visiting the region of Tuscany. The basilica is one of Italy's largest churches, and until development of new structural materials in the modern era, the dome was the largest in the world. It remains the largest brick dome ever constructed.
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