Robert Newell Steam Locomotive No. 9 Built for Havana Bay & Matanzas at Philadelphia Shop #3 (4-4-0; 20-1/2 Tons)
Medium Salt print from wet plate negative
Photo Date 1862c Print Date 1862c
Dimensions 6 x 9-1/4 in. (152 x 235 mm)
Photo Country United States (USA)
Photographer Country United States (USA)
Contact Alex Novak and Marthe Smith
About This Image
With clipped corners.
Born in NJ in 1822, Robert Newell, the prominent Philadelphia commercial photographer operated a studio from circa 1855 to 1900. His firm, which originally specialized in portraiture, later focused on "Artistic Business and Landscape Photographs" and was reorganized as R. Newell & Son circa 1872. Newell recorded important events in Philadelphia, such as the 1864 Great Central Fair for the U.S. Sanitary Commission. and commercial, residential and ecclesiastical buildings throughout the city. In 1876, the studio (Robert and Henry Newell) issued a series of six viewbooks under the title "Old Landmarks & Relics of Philadelphia." Newell also produced series of stereographs during the 1860s depicting commercial streets, the volunteer fire companies, and views of Fairmount Park and local cemeteries, as well as invented acid proof photographic ware in the 1870s. He died in 1897.
The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives and is credited with having constructed the first successful locomotive ever made in the United States. It was originally located in Philadelphia, and later moved to nearby Eddystone, PA in 1912. The Civil War at first appeared disastrous for Baldwin. According to John K. Brown in The Baldwin Locomotive Works, 1831-1915: A Study in American Industrial Practice, at the start of the conflict Baldwin had a great dependence on Southern railways as its primary market. In 1860, nearly 80% of Baldwin's output went to carriers in states that would soon secede from the Union. As a result, Baldwin's production in 1861 fell more than 50% compared to the previous year. However, the loss in Southern sales was counterbalanced by purchases by the U.S. Military Railroads and the Pennsylvania Railroad, which saw its traffic soar, as Baldwin produced more than 100 engines for carriers during the 1861–1865 war.
Provenance: personal scrap album of 19th-century photographer and publisher Robert Newell; Kean Archives.
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