Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon (attributed to) Jean-François Mocquard
Medium Salt print from wet plate negative
Photo Date 1850s Print Date 1850s
Dimensions 10-1/2 x 8 in. (267 x 203 mm)
Photo Country France
Photographer Country France
Contact Alex Novak and Marthe Smith
About This Image
An uncut and unmounted salt print of deep brown color and tones. The velvet curtain is a trademark of Adam-Salomon's early work.
Jean-François Mocquard was a lawyer, diplomat, sub-prefect and French politician, as well as the chief of staff for Napoleon III (1848-1864) and senator (1863-1864).
He was born in 1791 in Bordeaux. Under the Restoration, he joined the Liberal opposition and argued as a lawyer for the four sergeants of La Rochelle ( 1822 ) and in the case of the black pin. A disease of the larynx forced him to give up legal career and to take early retirement.
In 1840, he joined the Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte in London and then took over the management of "Le Commerce", a Bonapartist newspaper. He visited the prince during his confinement in Ham prison and became his official representative in Paris. In 1848, he was a member of the presidential campaign team of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte and became his secretary and chief of staff after his election as President of the French Republic.
Mocquard participated in the preparation of the coup of December 2, 1851 by drafting the decree dissolving the National Assembly and the proclamation to the army and the people. During the 1850s, he wrote many great speeches for the Emperor Napoleon III and handled his correspondence.
Promoted Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor, he became Senator of the Second Empire in 1863. He died on December 9, 1864 and was buried in the Pere-Lachaise cemetery in Paris.
Antoine Samuel Adam-Salomon (January 9, 1818 –April 28, 1881) was a French sculptor and photographer. Adam-Salomon became a leading portrait photographer after studying under the portraitist Franz Hanfstaengl in Munich in 1858. Adam-Salomon opened a portrait studio in Paris in 1859, and in 1865 he opened a second Paris studio. In 1870 he was made a member of the Société française de photographie and received the Légion d’honneur the same year. Adam-Salomon's portrait photographs were considered to be among the best examples in existence during his lifetime, and were renowned for their chiaroscuro produced by special lighting techniques. The photography of Adam-Salomon played a pivotal role in the mainstream acceptance of photography as an art form. For example, in 1858 the poet Alphonse de Lamartine described photography as "this chance invention which will never be art, but only a plagiarism of nature through a lens." A short time later, after seeing the photographic work of Adam-Solomon, Lamartine reversed his claim. A great believer in draping, side-lighting, and retouching, he collaborated with Carjat, Nadar, and others, in the seven volumes of the Galerie des Contemporains published in France in the 1850s.
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