Scherer and Nabholz Grand Old Cannon in the Kremlin, Moscow
Medium Varnished salt print from a wet collodion negative
Mount on original mount
Photo Date 1860c Print Date 1860c
Dimensions 10-15/16 x 13-3/8 in. (279 x 340 mm)
Photo Country Russia (Belarus,USSR)
Photographer Country Switzerland
Contact Alex Novak and Marthe Smith
About This Image
With original photographers' dry stamp and description on labels on bottom recto of the mount. Written title on verso of mount. Photograph with curved corners. Provenance: Galerie Texbraun.
These two Swiss photographers, Martin N. Scherer and Georgy I. Nabholz, moved to Moscow either in the late 1850s or about 1860. The firm first went under the simple name Scherer & Nabholz. They apparently took over the Moscow studio of Karl August Bergner in about 1864 and added his name briefly to their own. Their production ran from very early large varnished salt prints, like this rare one, to cdvs, cabinet cards and even later postcards.
In 1865 the studio won a silver medal in photography "for diligence and art" at an industrial exhibition in Moscow.
Scherer and Nabholz first became famous in 1867 for their large panorama of Moscow.
In 1868 the firm became Scherer, Nabholz & Co. when it passed to Albert Ivanovitch Mey. From 1868 until August 1896, it was co-owned by M. A. Schindler, who pushed the firm into photomechanical reproductions, including collotypes and photolithography.
In 1869, one of the first attempts in the field of technical photography was made by Scherer and Nabholz. Their album "Views of Gryazi - Tsaritsyn Railway" (Tsartsyn is now Volgograd) is a thorough depiction of the major railway that conveyed oil, timber and grain as transit goods from the lower Volga to the center of Russia. In photographing the railway, the artists originally combined the new means of documenting industrial installations with the traditional methods of making panoramic pictures.
They produced many cartes-de-visite and studio cabinet cards depicting famous authors (including Tolstoy), actors, Russian types, and the Czar for publishers, A. I. May and M. A. Schindler. After postcards became popular the firm became an important publisher themselves (Phototypie Scherer, Nabholz & Co.) of black & white collotype view cards that were sold from the Dazziaro art shop until about 1918.