Izis (Israel Bidermanas) Double Portrait of Artist Paul Eluard
Medium Silver print
Photo Date 1944 Print Date 1944
Dimensions 11-7/8 x 9-3/16 in. (302 x 233 mm)
Photo Country France
Photographer Country France
Contact Alex Novak and Marthe Smith
About This Image
Photographer's stamps are on the verso. His signature in ink is in the upper right corner of the image. Small 3/8-inch professionally repaired tear at right middle edge.
Notation probably in photographer's or Paul Eluard's hand about giving the photograph to Rouben Melik. Rouben Melik was a French-Armenian poet and a member of French Resistance. Officer of Ordre des Arts et Lettres, Rouben Melik studied in Sorbonne with Gaston Bachelard before his entrance to the literature under the aegis of the Resistance. One year after the publication in 1941 of Variations of triptyches, he joined the French Communist Party, where he became a friend of Paul Eluard, alongside the Manouchian group and took part in the liberation of Paris. After the war, he founded "Armenian Youth of France" organization. Melik died in 2007. Provenance: photographer; Paul Eluard; Rouben Melik's estate.
See: Izis and Borhan, Retrospective Izis (1988), p.35.
Israëlis Bidermanas (January 17, 1911, Marijampole--May 16, 1980, Paris), who worked under the name of Izis, was a Lithuanian-Jewish photographer who worked in France and is best known for his photographs of French circuses and of Paris.
Bidermanas arrived in France in 1930 to become a painter. In 1933 he directed a photographic studio in the 13th Arrondissement of Paris. During World War II, being a Jew, he had to leave occupied Paris. He went to Ambazac, in the Limousin, where he adopted the pseudonym Izis and where he was arrested and tortured by the Nazis. He was freed by the French Resistance and became an underground fighter. At that time he photographed his companions, including Colonel Georges Guingouin. The poet and underground fighter Robert Giraud was the first to write about Izis in the weekly magazine Unir, a magazine created by the Resistance.
Upon the liberation of France at the end of World War II, Izis had a series of portraits of maquisards (rural resistance fighters who operated mainly in southern France) published to considerable acclaim. He returned to Paris where he became friends with French poet Jacques Prévert and other artists. Izis became a major figure in the mid-century French movement of humanist photography--also exemplified by Brassaï, Cartier-Bresson, Doisneau and Ronis--with "work that often displayed a wistfully poetic image of the city and its people."
For his first book, Paris des rêves (Paris of Dreams), Izis asked writers and poets to contribute short texts to accompany his photographs, many of which showed Parisians and others apparently asleep or daydreaming. The book, which Izis designed, was a success. Izis joined Paris Match in 1950 and remained with it for 20 years, during which time he could choose his assignments.
Meanwhile, his books continued to be popular with the public. Among the numerous books by Izis, Le Cirque d'Izis (The Circus of Izis), "published in 1965, but bearing the stamp of an earlier era", is perhaps his most notable. Shot mostly in Paris but also in Lyon, Marseille and Toulon, the photographs are "affectionate and nostalgic, but also deeply melancholic" with "a desolate undercurrent", forming a work that is "profound, moving and extraordinary".
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